CO de rattrapage pour Léo:
Returning Home From Life In Space
Coming home, I think the best part was seeing my family and friends, and feeling this immense love and pride and just feeling great to see them. And then just walking on terra firma again, you know, not floating around but feeling the earth beneath you, it’s a beautiful moment.
I had those moments of “where am I?”, “am I in space, am I at home, am I on the ground, how am I going to move, how am I going to eat, am I going to throw food into the air and go fly and get it?”
To walk on the beach was just the most incredible thing. When you look at the horizon, it kind of helps re-gauge your gyros in your inner ear and it helps you know exactly what’s up and down or right and left.
Driving felt interesting because you’ve been travelling at 17,500 miles per hour. Then you come back in your car and you’re like “Oh, I’m going 60 miles an hour, that’s nothing. I’m going 100 miles an hour, ah, it’s nothing”. It changes the way you think about speed.
I think food tasted better after eating the rehydrated vegetables and the irradiated turkey, coming home to a wonderful meal and sharing it and not having to go chase it when it bounces off or something and you can, you know, pick it up and you know it’s coming to your mouth, that’s pretty cool.
If you wanna go to space, it would be one of these things that is transformative in so many different levels.
A GIRL IN WINTER, PART 1 RAPPEL: les mots et expressions soulignés sont à savoir
The text we are going to study is extracted from the book A Girl in Winter, written by Phillip Larkin and published 1947, it's the story of a girl, she is a war refugee who is traveling to England, her new shelter, to be hosted by Robin Fennel, an Englishman.
First, we are going to see what we can learn about her thanks to the description of her luggage. The fact that she travelled light and that she had only one large suitcase can make us understand that she is poor which seems logical according to the context of the story. Then the description of her clothes with the following terms « all her best clothes » , « freshly cleaned », « washed », « pressed » and « all her finest things » shows us that she wants to look like someone who takes care of herself, maybe to give the impression to her hosts and to people she will meet that she will be able to find easily and quickly a job, that she will not be a burden for them, on the other hand she must want to hide the fact she is a refugee, she wants to blend in by giving an organized image of herself. The fact that she is physically clean refers to the fact that she wants to give the impression that she is morally clean, like someone who doesn't have anything to hide, a trustworthy person.
Secondly, we can see by the photograph of Catherine that she really cares about the impression she gives. First she takes a conventional picture of herself, it implies the fact she wants to blend in, to look like everybody, she may be aware of her beauty so she wants to hide it, she wants to look classic. She wears a white dress, to give the impression that she is a good girl. She doesn't want to be attractive at all. White conveys the sense of purity and innocence. The fact her hair is “drawn severely back” may be seen as a way to appear as someone austere, who does not fool around much, somebody strict and dignified. Strikingly, there is no color on her picture, even if it may be due to the limited capacities of the camera with which the picture was taken.
At the end, when she arrives near England, she seems really anxious. Indeed she's « stirring », she can't just stand calmly. We can see « the white-cliffed island » as some kind of threat which is drifting nearer just like a predator. In that case she would be a prey and just like a prey she's scared of this foreign country. We realize as she arrives that she is most of all terrified by the idea of Robyn letting her down. She's frightened by the idea of being helpless and alone. The impressions of self-control and discipline given by the order in her luggage and the strictness of her portrait are short lived (éphémère) in the reader. The truth to the matter is that she is quite an ambivalent character. But then, she sees him and smiles, it feels like she is going to be okay.
To conclude we can say that Catherine is a form of allegory of the notion of contradiction. Indeed, she wants to look good and trustworthy but she doesn't want to be attractive, she wants to blend in. In addition, the fact she wants to look physically organized and able to control herself is opposite to/poles apart with her behavior because as soon as she arrives near the island she is panicked. Besides, the opposition between black and white in her photograph also implies a contrast in her personality. The fact that she took her finest clothes means that she was not so poor but she had only one large suitcase so she is not so rich. Moreover she starts the conversation with Robin by lying to him although she should be honest, she wants to look honest but is she really trustworthy ?
Inès, Sophie, Aminata, posted by Aminata.
International Education Week: Video Remarks by Secretary Hillary Rodham Clinton
The Dpt of State is proud to join the Dpt of Education to celebrate the 11th annual international education week. I’ve always believed that diplomacy does not just happen between government officials. It also happens between individuals, through people to people connections and student exchanges are some of the most important people to people connections we can have. For hundreds of thousands of students each year, exchanges promote mutual understanding and bring people of different nations together to share ideas and compare values. They also nurture leadership skills that prepare students for the challenges of the 21st century. The Dpt of State remains committed to these exchanges and we strongly support expanding study-abroad opportunities to a diverse range of communities so that talented students around the world can tap into the power and possibility of international exchanges. I encourage schools, non-profits, community organizations and businesses around the world to promote these educational exchanges and to help us raise awareness during International Education Week. Please log on to IEW.state.gov to learn how you can become involved. Thank you very much.
Hilary Clinton Exchange Student program
Each year, thousands of engaged young people from around the world travel to the US eager to learn about American life and share perspectives from their own countries. Families who welcome these exchange students into their homes and hearts not only enrich the life of an exceptional young person, they help build people to people connections that span the globe and last a lifetime. The goodwill, generosity and mutual understanding fostered through exchange programs are critical to meeting the challenges of today’s world. Such citizen diplomacy may start with one visiting student and his or her host family, but it ripples throughout communities in the US and abroad. Many exchange students return home with positive impressions of America and they go on to become leaders in their own country. I’ve met some of these leaders and they talked to me with great enthusiasm about what they’ve experienced. I thank all the families who have already learned that when you open your door to an exchange student, you often meet a lifelong friend and I encourage many more Americans to make the choice to help showcase our values with those from other countries. When we dispel stereotypes and we open new avenues of dialogue across boundaries and borders we enrich ourselves and the world. Thank you very much.
Mariana's Immigrant Story
My name is Mariana, I was born in Guatemala and I came to LA when I was 7. My mother lived here already. She came 3 years before me. The repercussions of the war in Guatemala forced her to leave, to look for a better job so that she can feed her children so I stayed in Guatemala with my aunt. My mother thought she was going to go back but in reality, things in Guatemala didn’t get better, so I came to LA, and I crossed the border, when I was 7. It has been really difficult to be an undocumented student here at UCLA. I think the most difficult thing has been how to pay for school. I always dreamt of coming here and I’m glad that my dream is going to come true in one more month. I’ll be graduating from the institution that I’ve always dreamed of coming. And actually, I also got accepted to Harvard School of Education for a graduate program. That was never a dream for me, I don’t think I could have ever dreamed that high, but it happened and I just want people to know that I’m just a normal person, I go and volunteer, I love people a lot, I mean, I don’t think I’ve ever done anything evil to anyone and although I know that I broke the law when I was 7, I know that I’ve given a lot more to this country and I know I want to stay here forever.
Paola's Immigrant Story
My name is Paola and I’ve been in this country since I was 4, I just graduated from California Community College and I’m very proud of that. I’m also very proud of the fact that I was accepted into UC Santa Barbara and I’ll hopefully be going there in the fall, and just like everything else, it depends on funds; this has been my home since I was 4. I started school in pre-school, and graduated from high school and now college, and I’m very active in my community, not just with immigration issues but also women’s issues, and worker rights and you know, environmental issues, the nation’s issues are my issues, my issue affects the nation as well and I think there is no place in this country for hatred and to divide people and people shouldn’t be afraid of immigrants because this is a nation that was founded on that, instead of us dividing each other, we should learn from each other because we’re really not that different.
“Myths and Heroes: The Great Gatsby"
RAPPEL: les expressions en gras sont le résultat de mes corrections.
NOUVEAU: les expressions soulignées sont à retenir.
First, two definitions: A hero is a person who embodies the sense of duty, the sense of sacrifice, who can face danger to save a person or the world. He often represents a model, an example.
A myth is an imaginary person or story generally related to the creation of the world. Sometimes a real person surrounded by mystery can become a myth because nobody really knows anything about them so stories are invented; it creates the myth about that famous and mysterious person.
The character or personae we are studying is the hero of the great American novel (surnom donné à ce roman par les Américains) "The Great Gatsby", written by Francis Scott-Fitzgerald and published in 1925. Let me briefly summarize the main facts. The action takes place in 1922. The narrator, Nick Carraway is not a very rich man: he lives in a small house near New York City. On the contrary, his neighbor, Jay Gatsby is very, very rich. In fact, every week-end he organizes / throws parties in his beautiful mansion, as big as a palace. His other neighbors, Daisy and Tom Buchanan are extremely rich too. Tom is having an affair with another woman Mrs. Wilson. Before the First World War, Gatsby and Daisy were in love, he proposed to her but she refused because he was poor. He went to the war in Europe, came back home and became rich, with the hope to rekindle (rallumer) Daisy’s love for him. It is all right for a while but Tom becomes suspicious and provokes Gatsby in a fight. Daisy is shocked; she and Gatsby go for a ride in his car. Daisy is driving but so in shock that she hits Mrs. Wilson by accident and kills her. Mr. Wilson recognizes the car and kills Gatsby before committing suicide.
Alizée, Coralie, Floriane. Posted by Coralie.
Charlotte Brontë: An Independent Will
Dinah Birch - The Oxford Companion to English Literature
Hello, I’m Dinah Birch, and I’m here to talk of a new edition of the Oxford companion to English literature. It’s a book with a great history. It first appeared in 1932 and it’s now in its seventh edition. Generations of readers have come to depend on it for reliable and accurate information on all kinds of literary matters. I’ve had a great team of helpers, the best literary experts in their field and they’ve maintained that tradition of accurate and generous coverage. But I’ve made many changes to the book, to revitalize it, and make it still more useful for a new generation of readers. I’ve greatly extended its range so you will now find many more entries on literary areas like science fiction, children’s literature, travel writing, life writing, post-colonial literature. I have updated sections on further reading and definitive editions; there are many more cross references, so that you can easily see connections between different books, and different writers. So, who is this book for? Well it’s for students (…)
The Idea of Progress.
Instructions & Roadmap (feuille de route)
=> Brief & simple definition of "progress". One sentence max.
=> Brief and simple definition of economic progress & social progress.
=> When necessary, definition of the economic terms in your subject (Green economy & circular economy / collaborative economy + social and solidarity economy/ self employment)
=> Find a catch phrase (phrase d'accroche ou problématique) to justify the interest of your subject. Suggestion = a brief evocation of the present context (economic crisis, unemployment, poverty, environmental crisis, public health questions like obesity or stress, working time, vegan movement, etc)
=> find when - and where, if it's important - the phenomenon evoked in your subject really started to develop, find some significant recent stats on your topic, find documents on 2 or 3 significant examples of people/companies concerned by your subject explaining their motivations, their concrete experience, the positive and the negative, their perspectives, etc.
Texte 2 (travail n° 5)
There is a physical and time gap between Christos and Nicholas.
In lines 8 and 9, the reader becomes aware that Christos did not see his son grow up because he lived in America and Nicholas lived in Greece. In addition, this separation lasted 9 years. They have been strangers to each other for nine long years. Of course, Nicholas grew up without a father during this period, which can explain the sentimental and communication gap. Obviously when people don’t see each other, they can't communicate and understand each other. Maybe the father never explained the reasons why he left him and his family in Greece. It took the narrator another nine years to understand his father which provokes a sentimental distance too, he felt “abandoned”. Moreover, the text does not mention any letters between Nicholas and his father. And with the words "his wife" ,"his father" on lines 30 and 31, it looks like Nicholas speaks about another family , or as if he wasn't a member of his family. Maybe being “abandoned” by his father made Nicholas feel like a stranger to the rest of his family too. There is also a moral gap between them, in the sense that, at the end of the text, the narrator implicitly criticizes the moral conduct of his father by resorting to (ayant recours à ) the lexical field of sins, with “luxurious idleness”, “basking”, “adulation” and “seduced”. The reader is led to think that Nicholas deeply resents his father’s attitude. The least we can say (le moins que l’on puisse dire) is that their communication must be difficult.
Ornella, Diego, Floriane. Posted by Diego
Christos belongs to a no man’s land: he is torn between two countries. He has complicated and feelings towards his “adopted” country. The implications of the word “adopted” are that he was not born there: he immigrated from his native country to a new one, therefore adopting it. He returns to Greece from time to time. Indeed, the readers is made aware that he returned there in order to get married, procreate, and every time he is on sabbatical. If we do the math, that would make at least six trips for his marriage and the birth of his children, and a few more for the holidays. Therefore, he often goes back and forth between his two countries: he never belongs to one. He is torn between them both. He belongs to neither country and spends more time in between them. He leads a double life.
Nicholas says Christos never became American. Even though he has been in America since he has been 17, he isn’t truly a part of it, and will never be American. From the day he set foot on American soil to the day he died, he never was able to truly become a part of the country, to become its citizen, which means he never really stopped being Greek, though only partly.
The people from his native land (Greece) call him a “little American” (line 19). Not only is he not truly integrated into his adopted county, he is also rejected by the inhabitants of his native one. The verb “served” suggests he is little better than a slave. The bottom line = the truth to the matter is that he is rejected by both sides. The remark of his fellow Greek men is derogatory in a qualitative way. In the quantitative sense of the word, he would be qualified as “partly American”. All his life he has remained partly American and partly Greek.
Group6 (TORDJMAN, PELAGE, LUX,SIEGEL)
Before Brexit, French people had the right to live in London. But with the new laws, French people may be considered as non European Union nationals. So it may be harder for them to live in the UK.
Some French citizens who live today in England are thinking about taking British nationality. They believe it might help them have a better life.
After Brexit, maybe it will be impossible to live in the UK without a permit, just like in Switzerland.
Finally the journalist explains that economic experts who supported Brexit say that European Emigration is a big handicap for Britain’s economy, so social help might be cut.
Brexit was voted because a majority of British people wanted their country to leave the E-U. This choice could generate a lot of problems: the financial price of this exit, freedom of movement, the status of the Europeans in Britain and that of the English on the continent...
We know that 51.9% of British people voted yes. The Prime Minister, David Cameron, decided to resign after this vote because he was against this decision. But, he said that the E-U imposed too many restrictions on UK lawmakers. Brexit was voted because of sovereignty. British people think that EU politicians control and manipulate the UK. Furthermore, the adoption of the Euro scheduled (prévue) by 2020, was a problem for the UK. It's too unstable and easily influenced by weaker countries. So, Brexit was voted and Great Britain has until March 2019 to leave the E-U.
Brexit was opposed by the E-U. If the UK leaves, Europe will lose one of its three major economic powers but Britain will destroy relations with a market of 450 million people. As a consequence, the British economy has a lot to lose. Brexit will have lasting impact on the UK for many years to come. In parallel, it will have another cost for the EU because the UK is one of its main budgetary partners.
Immigration is also a big problem for the UK. Perhaps French people living in the UK might be in trouble and the UK sees immigration as a burden to the British economy and a national issue.
Maybe UK citizens who moved elsewhere in the EU before Brexit will have the right to stay in that country.
However, after the UK left the EU, the freedom of movement principles would not be the same for UK citizens living in the EU as for EU citizens living in Britain. That means that a UK citizen living abroad will be able to go on a trip in a EU country without any restrictions. But, if he wants to live in a EU country, he will have restrictions. Britons would lose the ability to vote in local elections in their EU country of residence and the right to use public services there.
In the same time, there is latent rivalry between France and Great Britain. It goes back to the hundred YEARS’ war with Joan of Arc. Moreover, with Napoleon and then with colonization, more wars broke out. From that day on, there has been tension between the two.
Another point of this text is dealing with digital technology and if it's a good way to create jobs. We think that progress in technology is really good in the sense that technical progress simplifies work and simplifies life. But if we see further, technology will take humans' places, and jobs. For example, surgeries start to be done by robots and that's pretty worrying because if something goes wrong, if something wrong happens robots are not planned to fix the unexpected.
Fin correction sujet bac et
Annonce DS type compréhension écrite bac mercredi 28/11. Texte inconnu of course.
Début entraînement CO:
Advertising Techniques : Why Do Companies Use Logos?
LES MOTS SOULIGNES SONT A CONNAITRE
Hi my name is Mark and we’re gonna discuss why companies use logos. Logos are a form of basic identity, they are a way in which a company differentiates itself from its competitors, to stand out, to be different. Company logo is a corporate form of branding. Branding is the identity of the company. And this can be found through many ways. The logo is the physical form of a company, its moral standing, its views, its motto. The logo incorporates all of its visual, spiritual, social foundation. A company uses sound, uses color, images; it uses all sorts of way in which you can identify with that organizational brand. That’s why companies use logos. So, ok, a company uses a logo as an expression of its identity. It uses symbols, colors, sounds, any which way it can create an impact on the target audience, on the customer, on you. And the symbol, within that logo is the way which identifies who and what it stands for. Colors, sounds, symbols, images, they are all there to create the company identity.