CONCLUSION “The Idea of Progress, texts 1 & 2”

 Between Shakespeare’s time and the 1950’s progress has been made concerning the situation of women in our society.

Text two shows that a woman can be powerful and independent of her husband. This being said, Amelia and Marvin’s marriage doesn’t last longer than 10 days. Something isn’t right. We can suppose they don’t match or she’s not made for marriage. The narrator’s choice to keep her name unchanged reveals that this marriage has no effect at all on her social identity.

Most important, she’s masculine, she doesn’t care for love, grace and for her own beauty.

So we can wonder if power is something exclusively masculine, if a woman of character is necessarily masculine and ugly and if it is impossible to combine femininity and authority.

The men who read the book in the 1950’s must have thought that such women were impossible to control, to tame, to dominate, in other words that they were absolutely terrifying.

Charlotte & Xavier

Listening Comprehension: "THE GENDER WAGE GAP EXPLAINED IN 2 MINUTES"

Part 1 (reasons 1 to 5):

Starts at 0’13’’. The gender wage gap is the relative difference in average gross earnings of men and women. It’s calculated by taking the total earnings of men and women and comparing them. It’s an aggregate figure. The gap is quoted as women earning 77 cents to a man’s dollar, which is often presented as sexism or oppression of women. But why the disparity between what men and women earn? Here are the top 10 reasons for the wage gap explained in two minutes. N°1, according to the Australian government, the average full-time working male works 3.8 hours per week more than the average full-time working female.  In the UK, men work 4 hours more than women per week, on average. N°2, men are more likely to major in engineering and computer science, women are more likely to major in education and social sciences which lead to lower-earning jobs. Numerous sources confirm this, including Forbes. N°3, women are more likely to work in the public sector than men. According to the Political Economy Research Institute in the University of Massachusetts, the public sector pays one fifth less on average than jobs in the private sector. N°4, men work more overtime than women. According to a study published in the American Sociologist Review, 19% of men versus 7% of women work more than 50 hours a week. N°5, 43% of working women leave their jobs to start families, after which only 40% of these women return to full-time work.