Sonnet 18, Part 2.

1) Verse nine is the rest of the idea begun in verse 4 but continued in an opposite direction because the human friend of the poet is elevated as if she/he was a divinity. He or she becomes eternally beautiful.

 In verse five “the eye of heaven” refers to the sun. The first imperfection of the sun is that it shines “too hot” and burns our skins and the second is that sometimes sunlight is too weak because of clouds, he also says that his friend is better than summer beauty because his or her beauty doesn't rust as “gold”, the perfect metal. 

 The poet doesn't give any physical description and doesn't mention the name of his friend maybe to be universal and to touch everybody.

 The final couplet, the conclusion of the sonnet, explains that the friend's beauty will live as long as “this” poem can live.

 Generally, who do we write love poems for? We write for the person that we love but in this case there is no name, no physical description. It's written for everybody and particularly for people like you and me, people who read the poem. All things considered, this poem glorifies not only human beauty but its own beauty, its own ability to make beauty eternal. It’s the meeting between a poet’s art and his readers.



Verse twelve refers to the lines of the poem, but they can also be the lines of his friend's face.

Verse seven and eight mean that every beautiful person will one day lose his or her beauty because of illness (“chance”) or age.

In “Happy the Man”, Dryden evokes “the joys” he has “possessed” and which cannot be destroyed “in spite of fate” and here Shakespeare makes beauty an eternal “possession”. Concerning the reference to death, in “Happy the Man” the poet says death is not an issue if you have had happy moments in your life whereas Shakespeare says that death doesn’t really kill people’s beauty when this beauty is glorified in poetry.


Sophie, with Aminata and Yasmine.