Corrigé "Lincoln's early life":0.00"==>1.47"

Few Americans have been as widely and universally admired as A. Lincoln. This seems to be not only for his passionate crusade to preserve the US as one nation, but also for his personal qualities. He was almost literally a self-made man who embodied many of the virtues humanity deems most important. Out of humble obscurity, he became one of democracy’s most powerful spokesmen. Born in a cabin in the Kentucky backwoods on February 12th 1809, Lincoln lived a difficult life as a boy. His father Tom was an illiterate and stern disciplinarian and Lincoln spent most of his youth working alongside him. According to Lincoln, he spent a total of only about one year in formal schooling, somehow though, he had the drive to rise above the circumstances and learned how to read and write and perform some simple mathematics. He appears to have had access to few books but those he had he read thoroughly and critically. Tom Lincoln moved the family to Indiana in 1816. It was there in 1818 that the 9-year old Lincoln suffered a crushing blow when his mother Nancy passed away suddenly. A year later, Tom Lincoln married again, this time to Sarah Bush Johnston, a widow with three children of her own. Sarah Lincoln was a godsend, treating her stepchildren as her own and showing special favor to young Abraham. Lincoln often referred to her as his angel mother. In 1830, Tom Lincoln moved again, this time to Illinois.

 Corrigé en anglais de la vidéo utilisée pour le contrôle:

General Grant, commander of the Union Army.

At the outbreak of the American Civil war, in 1861, Grant was working in a hardware store. Within three years, he had become commanding general of the armies of the Northern states; and within seven years, had been elected president. Although a modest and simple man, the upheaval of civil war gave him the opportunity to show that he possessed the qualities of a great commander. 0.00"==>0.30"


 By the end of 1862, he had reached the key to the Mississippi, Vicksburg, a city that the Confederate President, Jefferson Davis, had called “the nail that holds the South’s two halves together”. It was a well-fortified stronghold, dominating the river. Attempts to assault the city in the past had been unsuccessful. But Grant refused to be beaten. He decided to steam a little way down the river and disembark onto the western bank. Then he and his men began to hack their way through forest and swamp. His superiors were convinced that by abandoning his lines of supply he would certainly fail. Grant pressed on, convinced that too many generals did not understand the nature of this war. 1.20"==> 2.16"