16 décembre 2017


Final activity on "the little drummer boy", last paragraph.


a) I would like to know who was General Grant, and who was the commanding general of the confederate army? 

b) Can you please tell me how things are going during the war for the south and for the north? 

c) I would like to know the symbolic interpretation of the comparison between starlight and his ex master during their final fight? 

d) Can you tell me please the difference between describing Starlight and describing starlight’s bayonet? 


a) General Grant was the general in chief of the Union army and the commanding general of the confederate army was Robert E. Lee.

b) The north was winning the war because General Grant “terrified and confused” the south. Clearly, the confederate soldiers were afraid and they didn’t know what to do. The Union had more advanced weapons and now they had the help of the emancipated slaves.

c) Starlight killed his ex master even if (même si) he was smaller than Colonel Billy. It’s the same thing in the story of David and Goliath. Determination and courage are stronger than physical force.

d)When the narrator describes the bayonet instead of (au lieu de)describing Starlight himself, we have the impression that the bayonet is magic, it is alive, maybe it is animated by the spirit of freedom, by the spirit of the boy.

Charles, with Sarah Inès & Assia

Posté par pescarob à 11:57 - - Commentaires [0] - Permalien [#]

11 décembre 2017



a. He felt happy and satisfied because the Union soldiers are good and nice with him. They gave him an important role in the company, and the most important is that they gave him a name, an existence, an identity. He was treated like a real person, not like a slave.
b. In his bones, he's not completely free if Cunnel Billy, his ex-master is still alive, so he wants to kill him to become free. Logically, he is free, the Emancipation Proclamation abolished slavery but maybe it’s just a piece of paper for him.
c. The historic character mentioned in the passage is the President of the U.S.A: Abraham Lincoln and the historic decision is the Proclamation of Emancipation signed in 1863.
d. The new name of the boy is Starlight.
"Starlight" designates hope: there is always a little light of hope in the darkness.
It also designates the light which comes from the sky and from the stars: they shine in the dark sky. They are good for orientation; they help us to find the way to freedom and to victory. Stars represent distance, maybe it represents the fact that Starlight comes from a distant continent, Africa.
Finally, the fact of receiving a name refers to a religious ritual: it's the connection with god, with the light of God.

Elizabeth, with Eliot, Louis & Andrea


Posté par pescarob à 12:01 - - Commentaires [0] - Permalien [#]

05 décembre 2017


Activity n°3, paragraph 2.


a) Can you please tell me, how did the boy feel with the Union soldiers and what was the attitude of the soldiers with / towards him?

b) I would like to know the boy’s personal vision of the idea of true freedom.

c) Can you please tell me the historic character and the historic decision mentioned in the passage?

d) I would like to know the name that the soldiers gave to the little boy and in your opinion, the symbolic interpretations of this name.

Bintou, with Eva & Oumou

Posté par pescarob à 09:08 - - Commentaires [0] - Permalien [#]

01 décembre 2017


Activité 2, paragraph 1.


a) In your opinion, what is the quality of the English spoken by the boy and why? = What do you think of the quality of the English spoken by the boy, and how do you explain it?

b) Can you please tell me, what were the two things the boy didn't know about himself?

c) I would like to know, what was the only thing he knew about himself?

d) Can you please tell me, what analogy can we make between this boy in 1864 and the modern day African American?


a. The quality of English spoken by the boy is very bad because he's African and because, as (puisque) he was a slave before, he doesn't have any education. Masters did not send their young slaves to school.

b. The two things the boy didn't know about him were his name and his origin.

c. The only thing he knew about himself was that he belonged to Cunnel Billy. In other words (autrement dit), the only possibility to identify him was with his master’s name.

d)The analogy we can make between this boy and the modern African American is that none of them knows their real African last name or where they came from.  

Yohan, with Erika and Daphné.

Posté par pescarob à 14:06 - - Commentaires [0] - Permalien [#]

27 novembre 2017


Activité n°2 sur "the little drummer boy", seulement questions a, b, c pour l'instant.

a) In your opinion, what is the quality of the English spoken by the boy and why? = What do you think of the quality of the English spoken by the boy, and how do you explain it?

b) Can you please tell me what were the two things the boy didn't know about himself?

c) I would like to know what was the only thing he knew about himself?

Posté par pescarob à 08:05 - - Commentaires [0] - Permalien [#]

17 novembre 2017


Corrigé deuxième tableau:

Paragraph one: the questions they ask him

At the beginning, what questions do they ask him?

At the beginning, the soldiers ask him three questions, one about his name, one about his origin and one about his master’s name.

His answer

What is his answer / what does he answer?

He answers that he doesn’t know, except for the name of his master, Colonel Billy.

Other question + his answer

What other question do they ask him and what does he answer?

They ask him if he will fight for the Union and he answers yes of course.

Paragraph two: the name they give him + his role in the company

What name do they give him, and what role do they give him?

They call him “Starlight” and he becomes their Drummer Boy.

His feelings with the soldiers of the Union

How does he feel?

He feels very satisfied, very happy.

Paragraph three, the end: who/he/meet + what/he/do

At the end, who does he meet, and what does he do to this man?

At the end, he sees Colonel Billy and he kills him; but the boy dies too.


Posté par pescarob à 13:58 - - Commentaires [0] - Permalien [#]

15 novembre 2017


Résultat travail lundi:

General presentation of the document:

Subject of the question

Formulation of the question

Answer to the question


What type of document is this?

This document is a text, it is entitled “the little drummer boy”.


Where does it come from?

It comes from the website “www(…)”, a site about the history of the American Civil War in literature.


Who wrote it?

We don’t know the author’s name, it is not mentioned.

Date of publication.

When was it published?

We don’t know when it was published EITHER (non plus).

Where + when.

Where and when does the action take place?

The action takes place in October 1864, somewhere in the southern states.

The main character.

Who is the main character?

The main character is a little black boy, an emancipated slave who becomes drummer boy for the Union.

The other characters.

Who are the other characters?

The other characters are a few officers of the Union, and Colonel Billy, the boy’s old master / ex master / former master.

Suite à prévoir en demi-classe: tableau questions / réponses sur "the complete summary of the main action in the text".

Rappel = dernier DS du trimestre lundi 20, portant sur les deux tableaux ci-dessus.

Posté par pescarob à 17:41 - - Commentaires [0] - Permalien [#]

09 octobre 2017


Corrigé "Lincoln's early life":0.00"==>1.47"

Few Americans have been as widely and universally admired as A. Lincoln. This seems to be not only for his passionate crusade to preserve the US as one nation, but also for his personal qualities. He was almost literally a self-made man who embodied many of the virtues humanity deems most important. Out of humble obscurity, he became one of democracy’s most powerful spokesmen. Born in a cabin in the Kentucky backwoods on February 12th 1809, Lincoln lived a difficult life as a boy. His father Tom was an illiterate and stern disciplinarian and Lincoln spent most of his youth working alongside him. According to Lincoln, he spent a total of only about one year in formal schooling, somehow though, he had the drive to rise above the circumstances and learned how to read and write and perform some simple mathematics. He appears to have had access to few books but those he had he read thoroughly and critically. Tom Lincoln moved the family to Indiana in 1816. It was there in 1818 that the 9-year old Lincoln suffered a crushing blow when his mother Nancy passed away suddenly. A year later, Tom Lincoln married again, this time to Sarah Bush Johnston, a widow with three children of her own. Sarah Lincoln was a godsend, treating her stepchildren as her own and showing special favor to young Abraham. Lincoln often referred to her as his angel mother. In 1830, Tom Lincoln moved again, this time to Illinois.

 Corrigé en anglais de la vidéo utilisée pour le contrôle:

General Grant, commander of the Union Army.

At the outbreak of the American Civil war, in 1861, Grant was working in a hardware store. Within three years, he had become commanding general of the armies of the Northern states; and within seven years, had been elected president. Although a modest and simple man, the upheaval of civil war gave him the opportunity to show that he possessed the qualities of a great commander. 0.00"==>0.30"


 By the end of 1862, he had reached the key to the Mississippi, Vicksburg, a city that the Confederate President, Jefferson Davis, had called “the nail that holds the South’s two halves together”. It was a well-fortified stronghold, dominating the river. Attempts to assault the city in the past had been unsuccessful. But Grant refused to be beaten. He decided to steam a little way down the river and disembark onto the western bank. Then he and his men began to hack their way through forest and swamp. His superiors were convinced that by abandoning his lines of supply he would certainly fail. Grant pressed on, convinced that too many generals did not understand the nature of this war. 1.20"==> 2.16"


Posté par pescarob à 15:37 - - Commentaires [0] - Permalien [#]

06 octobre 2017


Demi groupes du jeudi et vendredi.

Documents d'entraînement de compréhension orale, à réécouter avec/sans corrigé pour le premier, sans corrigé pour l'instant pour le second.

Irish Defence Forces participate in US Civil War Commemorations

de 0.00 à 1.27":


The defense forces have sent soldiers to the US to represent Ireland during commemorations for the 150thanniversary of the American civil war. The events happened in Fredericksburg, in Virginia, where hundreds of members of the Irish brigade of the Union army were killed. A century and a half later they gathered to remember one of the bloodiest set pieces of the American civil war, the battle of Fredericksburg. It was a fight in which Irish immigrants played a crucial role on both sides. The defense forces sent a delegation to honor the occasion and they flew the Irish flag in the parade and mingled with the crowds. This is where the fighting Irish came from, these twelve hundred men who sacrificed everything and bought into their new country and I think it changed the course of their history. The change in the way the Irish were perceived is one of the main themes of the commemorations. Honestly, the Irish, when they came here during and after the great famine were not well received in this country and one of the things that came out of the civil war, what the Irish Brigade did here in Fredericksburg in 1862 was (to) begin to change that attitude through their sacrifice, that Irishmen were giving up their lives and making great sacrifice to basically restore the Nation as we know it. (1.27)

6. The early life of Abraham Lincoln, écoutez de 0.17" à 1.47". Correction définitive lundi prochain.

Posté par pescarob à 08:57 - - Commentaires [0] - Permalien [#]

02 octobre 2017


14 Groupe A

There were four essential consequences after the war. Firstly, the south was ruined and devastated. Secondly, the war killed approximately / around six hundred thousand people. Next, three or four million slaves were emancipated and
finally, President Lincoln was assassinated in 1865.


14 groupe B

After the American war there were four essential consequences. Firstly the South was devastated ,secondly the total number of victims was around six hundred thousand, thirdly all three or four million slaves were emancipated and finall,  two years after that, Lincoln was assassinated.


 Cahiers à mettre à jour (informations 9 à 14) pour les séances de jeudi 5 et vendredi 6 octobre. 

Posté par pescarob à 11:46 - - Commentaires [0] - Permalien [#]